Regency England Bibliography

1800 to 1840

copyright 1997 by Historical Novelists Center

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Which of course includes the reign of William IV, other wise lost between those two icons, George IV and Victoria.

The Regency Romance was a field unto itself, often rather divorced from the actual, historical behavior as exemplified by the novels of Jane Austen (which still show the squirearchy, not the upper nobility or lower classes, or even the middle classes). Still, they're a load of fun, and can't be hurt by a dose of authenticity. You may find a whole new plot twist to set yours apart from the vast mass. As well, people write novels in this period that aren't Regency Romances, and may appreciate the books below.

Some work in "the long Regency" of George IV's dominance of fashion, 1795-1840, including some here. Just check the earlier bibliographies. We include their links at the bottom.

For original period documents, published in the time or written by people of the time, look in the French Revolution & English Regency Sources Bibliography. There will still be many very old books in this one, as when someone in the 1870s writes about his grandparents' day.

Abbey Fine Arts:

The Regency ***
Murray group of companies, 1970
1800-1840, with a lot of detail on which potteries produced what when using which marks. Far too few pictures. T1

Aldin, Cecil

The Romance of the Road ***
Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1928; now from Bracken Books, London; 123 pg, no index
A memorium by an excellent illustrator of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Includes a survey of the high roads out of London originally published in 1799. The illustrations tend to concentrate on 1825 or so, but much of the gossip is mid-18th century, so watch yourself. T2

Ashton, John

Social England: volume I, Under the Regency ****
Word & Downey, 1890; repub. E. P. Publishing Ltd, East Ardsley, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, 1975
Covers a great range of subjects from the creation of the office of Regent to Napoleon's escape from Elba in 1815; many cartoons and caricatures. Volume II, "The Dawn of the Nineteenth Century," covers 1800 to 1810. T2

Arnold, James

All Drawn By Horses *****!
Newton Abbott, Long & NY; David & Charles, 1979
Good text with line drawings by the author, and an invaluable 2-page glossary of coach terms. Freight wagons as well as phaetons; in fact, heavier on the wagons, which do all the duty of trucks, while on the streets of old only the richest had the carriages equivalent to cars. T2

de Barri, Kinsman

The Bucks and Bawds of London Town **
Leslie Frewin Publishing, Ltd., London, 1974
The less respectable portions of 18th century British Society. However, only the end enters into this period. Will tell you lots about rakehelly uncles and fathers! T3

Baynton-Williams, A.

Town & City maps of the British Isles: 1800-1855 ****
Studio Press
Beautiful engraved maps for your major centers as they were then. T2

Beaufort, The Duke of, with Alfred E. T. Watson; Lord Algernon St. Maur; Lady Georgiana Curzon; Maj. Gen. Sir C. Teesdale; W. C. A. Blew, Earl of Onslow; Maj. Henry Dixon; Col. Hugh Smith-Billie; George N. Hooper

Driving; Badminton Library of Sports & Pastimes*****!
Longmans, Green & Co., London,1890
Available in reprint and sometimes original. Invaluable as it reminesces back to this period, especially in the matter of the public coaches, as well as detailing the perils and pleasures of driving a tandem team (contributed by Lady Georgiana), the cost and teams for various carriages, when which styles were introduced, etc. Your best substitute for taking up the art. T2
 
Riding, Polo***
London, Longmans, Green, & Co., 1895
Not in reprint, but we found the 1905 edition. The Riding half is by Capt. Robert Weir with contributions by Beaufort, the Earl of Suffolk and Berkshire, the Earl of Onslow, E. L. Anderson, and Alfred E. T. Watson. The hunting stories are good enough to laugh out loud at. The history of riding is only accurate from the Renaissance on. The Polo half is by J. Moray Brown, revised and partly rewritten by T. F. Dale. The appendix gives all the rules for the British clubs, and the history of polo is unmatched. However, it is after this time. T2

Blew, William C. A., M.A.

Brighton and Its Coaches. A History of the London and Brighton Road with Some Account of the Provincial Coaches That Have Run from Brighton With Twenty Illustrations from Original Water-colour Drawings by J. & G. Temple, All Coloured by Hand
London: John C. Nimmo; 1894

Bloch, Ivan

Sexual Life in England, Past & Present *****!
1938; now from Oracle; 664 pgs !!
What had to be privately printed in 1938 can be of general interest now. Despite the title, only covers from the Anglo-Saxon period through the late 1800's, but in a full range, from streetwalkers to the escapades of royalty, from staid marriage arrangements to kinky erotica. T2

Boucher, Francois

Twenty Thousand Years of Fashion; the History of Costume and Personal Adornment ***
Harry N. Abrams, 1966; 440 pg, index, glossary
Fairly good in this period. T1

Braynard, Frank O.

S. S. Savannah: The Elegant Steamship
University of Georgia Press, Athens, GA, 1963; now Dover Publications, Inc., NY; 249 pg, index, bibliography
Just about everything relevant that can be known about the first transatlantic steamship, that sailed from Savannah to England and around the Baltic in 1819. T3

Bray, Peter, editor

Transport Through the Ages **
Taplinger Publishing Co., Inc., NY, 1971; illos by Barbara Brown
Covers a bit of everything, from dugout canoes on. Emphasis on later periods. T1

Brett, Gerard

Dinner is Served ***
Archon Books, Hamden, CN, 1968
British meals of the day and their conduct; Part Two covers 1660 to 1900. T2

Brockett, Oscar G.

History of the Theatre ***
Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 1977
Good university-level text on staging conventions, acting forms, audience behavior, etc. T3

Bryant, Arthur

The Age of Elegance 1812 ­ 1822 ***
Harper & Brothers, NY; 1950; 450 pg, index
A history of the later Napoleonic campaigns of Britain. The only illustrations are battle maps, which clue you to where the core of interest is. The social history chapters seem tacked in, though very interesting. However, he uses such erroneous Brummelliana, taking for factual those things said that were obvious satires by third parties, that I find myself doubting anything important he has to say on anyone else. Certainly I wouldn't take his opinions on any parties not military. T3

Burgess, Robert F.

Ships Beneath the Sea: A History of Subs and Submersibles*****!
1975
A history of subs from 1600-1972, including the Napoleonic Nautilus that inspired Jules Verne. The best we have seen on the early development. Very accessible, more interested in the people building subs, the governments ignoring them, than the technicalities. T1

Burney, Frances, a.k.a. Madame d'Arblay

The Famous Miss Burney ***
The Diaries and Letters of Fanny Burney, edited by Barbara G. Schrank and David J. Supino.
The John Day Co., NY, 1976
A native's view of the world, from 1768 to 1840. Known as an author in girlhood, she later married an émigré, thus the two names. T2

Burton, Elizabeth

The Pageant of Georgian England ***
Charles Scribner's Sons, NY, 1967; British title, The Georgians at Home, illos by Felix Kelley
Excellent on medicine, cosmetics, science, food. Watch the dates: much is pre-1752, when England changed its calendar. T3

Calder-Marshall, Arthur

The Grand Century of the Lady ***
Gordon Cremones, London, 1976
All aspects of the life of an upper-class woman, 1720 to 1820, from old maids to marriages of convenience, breeding to gambling, medicine to dining. T3

Campbell, Kathleen

Beau Brummell, Notes towards a Biography *****!
Hammond, Hammond & Co., London; 1948; 216 pg, index
The best biography I have seen, following him from childhood through his years in France in detail. Shows him rather than judging him with Victorian morality. It reveals him as simply a very charming, likable man who kept the bored ton amused and interested, which we of the 21st century can better appreciate. T2

Chisman, Isabel and Hester Emilie Raven-Hart

Manners and Movement in Costume Plays *****!
H. F. W. Deane & Sons, London, 1934
Gives select dances, as well as how to handle one's sword, fan, walking-stick, and hat. What you think is right before reading this, is often very wrong. T3

Conrad, Barnaby

La Fiesta Brava; The Art of the Bull Ring****
1950
A chapter on the history of bullfighting discusses that of this period, when the art is still mounted. Valuable if you are going to the Peninsula. T2

Cornish, Joe, et al

The Coast of England, Wales, and Northern Ireland ***
Abrams; 142 pages; lots of photos
In cause you need to see it but can't make the trip. T3

Deacon, Richard

The French Secret Service ***
Grafton Books, London, 1990; 363 pgs, index, bibliography
Beginning with the Cabinet Noir of Richelieu, this book traces French intelligence services through the scandal of the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior. T1

E.D. Cuming

Coaching Days & Ways
Hoddkin and Stouckton

Ehrlich, Blake

London on the Thames ***
Little, Brown & Co., NY, 1966
Each chapter tours London at a different period, often in the newest neighborhood of the expanding metropolis. The West End for ours, of course! T2

Gaunt, William

Old Inns of England in colour***
B. T. Batsford, Ltd., London, 1958
Passable, mainly primitive color pix of surviving buildings. Some interesting quotes from Victorian reminiscences of the coaching days, but Richardson is much better. T1

Hale, William Harlan, and the editors of Horizon Magazine

Horizon Cookbook and Illustrated History of Eating and Drinking through the Ages ****
American Heritage Publishing, Inc., 1968
Part One has the description of customs and habits, foods available, and some interesting art. Part Two has the tastiest recipes, done for the modern kitchen. Especially hits this period in Part One. T1

Harper, Charles G. (Charles George), 1863-1943

Brighton Road, The Classic Highway to the South ****
London : Cecil Palmer; First Published - 1892; Second Edition - 1906; Third and Revised Edit ion - 1922. T3

Head, Brandon

Food of the Gods: A Popular Account of Cocoa***
This amusing trifle does cover the arrival of cocoa in Europe, but will be of more use to someone setting up a cocoa plantation in the colonies. T3

Heath, Ernest Gerald

The Grey Goose Wing ***
New York Graphic Society, Greenwich, CN, 1971
Excellent history of the bow; last part Anglocentric, with some coverage of the Turks. The Prince Regent was patron of one of the several "toxophilite" (archery-loving) societies of the day. T2

Hibbert, Christopher

George IV: Prince of Wales, 1762-1811 *****!
Harper & Row, NY, 1975
A detail biography in 22 chapters with references, sources, and index; only 40 illos. T2

London, the Biography of a City ***
William Morrow & Co., Inc., NY, 1969
Runs it all down through time, with good coverage of your period. T2

Inglis, Brian

Trance: A Natural History of Altered States of Mind ****
Paladin/Grafton Books, London, 1990
A history of animal magnetism, mesmerism, hypnotism, and related phenomena, especially the parts that do not fit materialist scientism. Details the researchers and their studies through this century. T3

Ingraham, Holly

People's Names: A Cross-Cultural Reference Guide to the Proper Use of over 40,000 Personal and Familial Names in over 100 Cultures *****!
McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, Jefferson, NC; 1997; 613 pgs, index, select annotated bibliography
The Victorian American chapter refers to slightly older practice, but on the whole this period falls through the cracks between the Renaissance and the Nineteenth Century. However, all the proper rules for naming a character from Russia to Spain are available in the Contemporary half, with big pick-lists of personal and family names. T1

Jarrett, Derek

England in the Age of Hogarth ***
The Viking Press, Inc., NY, 1974
Chapters on child-raising, one on women, and one on the home, all copiously illustrated with Hogarth's work. Good "Suggestions for Further Reading." T2

Jerrold, Clare Armstrong Bridgman

The Beaux and the Dandies: Nash, Brummell, and D'Orsay with Their Courts ****
1910; S. Paul
This actually tracks the beaux all the way to the beginning use of the word in the Restoration. As she shows, this is important, as the classic beaux (rather than the merely flashy dandy) always functioned as an adjunct of royalty and high society, and was required to be impudent, impertinent, bossy, and witty: simply, the modern descendant of the royal jester, who could point out to these mighty people the truth about themselves. The jester became less necessary and mutated into the dandy; the dandy became less necessary and disappeared. She nicely traces this to the last beau, D'Orsay, who could attach himself to society but not a court, because Victoria was far too sober to have a court jester. Dandies, of course, are with us always. An excellent corrective to those who can only view the beaux as morally degraded parasites, however charming. T2

Kohler, Carl

A History of Costume ****
1930; New York, G. Howard Watt
Hand-sized, info-packed, based on surviving clothes first and artwork secondarily. Author's line drawings of construction and detail. Neophytes should use with a picture book, which it will greatly clarify. T2

Laver, James

The Age of Illusion: Manners and Morals 1750 to 1848 ***
D. McKay Company, NY, 1972
How people think and act, as well as how they thought they ought to think and act. T1

Lennox, William Pitt, Lord, 1799-1881

Coaching: with anecdotes of the road
1876; London: Hurst and Blackett

Leslie, Shane

Mrs Fitzherbert: a Life Chiefly From Unpublished Sources****!
Benziger Brothers, NY, 1939
This is the detail biography, with portraits. Covers her life and relationship with George IV, to whom she was undoubtedly an unacknowledged wife, though they probably had no children. Only probably. T2

Litchfield, Frederick

Illustrated History of Furniture from the Earliest to the Present Time ****
1903; London: Truslove & Hanson Limited; New York:; illustrated by John Lane 1892-1903.
A good basic reference, based on art in early ages. You normally don't have to detail furniture, just know if they had easily movable chairs and tables or what's fashionable. Eurocentric, Anglocentric. T1

Low, Donald A.

The Regency Underworld****
Sutton, 1982; 194 pp, index, booklist
Plenty of illustrations without being a picture book, scattered through the text and at appropriate places (like next to a reference to the piece of art): good layout. Quotes from the period, as well as interpretation. Shows the evolution from the near-anarchy of the late Georgian age to the birth of policing that so cracked down on rampant crime. Excellent stories of some of the underworld notables. This is the world where everyone really does talk cant, rough, bawdy, vicious, down-trodden, and rebellious. T2

Macdonald, Janet W.

Riding Side-Saddle***
London, J A Allen & Co., Ltd, 1995
Small (80 pgs) but solid with good information, even if she does have one major historical contradiction (pg. 5), that women never rode to the hunt sidesaddle until after 1870, when many authors mention it in this time. Very much geared to the modern sidesaddle and apron habit, but the basics do not change, and she mentions some historical changes in usage. T3

Captain Malet, XVI Ilth Hussars

Annals of the Road or Notes on Mail and Stage Coaching in Great Britain To Which Are Added Essays on the Road, by Nimrod
London: Longmans, Green, And Co. 1876

Margetson, Stella

Regency London ***
Praeger Publishers, Inc., NY, 1971
An emphasis on buildings and architects, and some "happenings" are not as well dated as they ought to be, as the reference to the Four-in-Hand Club is anachronistic and perhaps ought to be the Four Horse Club. Numerous period engravings and prints. T3

Maudslay, Athol

Highways and Horses
1888; London: Chapman And Hall, Limited.

Milligan, Jean C.

Introducing Scottish Country Dancing ****
Collins, 1968; 96 pg, index, illos by Irene B. Stewart
At Almacks' until approved for waltes, young ladies can only dance the contra dances -- whence the name country dancing -- which dominate the programme. This refined, toe-pointing style, not the rolling 19th C. rustic form, is what your characters will dance. And until 1814 NO-ONE in polite Society dances the waltz, even at Almacks'. It was only forced through by the insistence of the visiting Czar. T3

also in the series

99 More Scottish Country Dances ***

101 Scottish Country Dances ***
Look for all of these in Scottish shops, the sort that carry all the clan tartans.

Mitchell, R. J., and M. D. R. Leys

A History of London Life ***
Penguin Books, Inc., NY, 1958
Different areas of the town at different periods. T2

Moers, Ellen

The Dandy: Brummell to Beerhohm *****!
The Viking Press, Inc., NY, 1960
An absolute must-read! The first seven chapters are in this period, and will give you a fine feeling for exclusivity and ton. T2

Parissien, Steven

George IV, Inspiration of the Regency*****!
St. Martin's Press, NY, 2001
Best single detail biography of the Prince Regent who gave his name to the era. T2

Priestley, J. B.

Prince of Pleasure: George IV and His Regency 1811-20****
William Heineman Ltd, London, 1969
Excellent for its pictures, and its precis of the Royal Family. However, many of the pictures are reproduced in black and white at so small a size as to turn to dark blotches, and the cartoons are often unreadable--the fault of the publisher. Covers a wide array of topics, from highest society to the Peterloo Massacre, common amusements to political assassinations. T1

Reader's Digest Books, the editors

Reader's Digest Book of the Road ****
Reader's Digest Association, Ltd., London
Identifies the wildflowers, trees, shrubs, birds, wild mammals, butterflies, sea shells, reptiles, fish, and farm animals of the British Isles. Lets you know what blooms in which month, especially useful if you are writing in Taos. T3

Richardson, Sir Albert Edward

The Old Inns of England *****!
B. T. Batsford, Ltd., London, 1952, 6th Ed.
Includes a map of the Principal Coaching Routes. Photos of some survivors, with descriptions out of history of how they were run. T2

Salmonson, Jessica Amanda

The Encyclopedia of Amazons: Women Warriors from Antiquity to the Modern Era ***
Paragon House, NY, 1991; 290 pg, no index, bibliography
In this period, there were many surviving war-women of the Napoleonic wars, however the growing repression in England that led to the Victorian complex, and a lack of British wars, makes this a very dull period for amazons.

Shelley, Henry C. (Henry Charles)

Inns And Taverns Of Old London: Setting Forth the Historical and Literary Associations of Those Ancient Hostelries, Together With an Account of the Most Notable Coffee-houses, Clubs, and Pleasure Gardens of the British Metropolis ***
Goes area by area, it goes inn by inn, and will finish discussing the 19th C end of one before picking up with the medieval existence of another. Heavy into showing how many literary authors he can quote. Covers Ranelagh and Vauxhall, besides the others of London and the suburbs. Just barely squeaks into this period. T3

Smiles, Samuel (1812-1904)

The Life of Thomas Telford civil engineer with an introductory history of roads and travelling in Great Britian ****
London, J. Murray, 1867; Project Gutenburg, on-line
Especially valuable for its introduction on the history of roads in England, including excerpts from various period descriptions and laws. Roads we would consider a disgrace to a jungle island were the norm in England and Europe. Be sure to read the sections on how this psychologically affected the average rural village. In this period Telford began to make vast improvements. T1

Smith, William C., compiler

The Italian Opera and Contemporary Ballet in London 1789 to 1820 ****
The Society for Theatre Research, London; 1955
Lists the operas and ballets performed at King's Theatre by year, with composers and choreographers, performers, dates of performance when known, and bits of reviews and criticism. Has a chart of which peers rented which boxes. T3

Somerset, Anne

Ladies-in-Waiting, from the Tudors to the Present Day ****
Knopf, dist. by Random House, NY; 1984; 341 pg, index, bibliography
Discusses the duties and personalities, how appointments were made, kept, and lost in the English court down the centuries T3

Squire, Geoffrey

Dress and Society, 1560-1970 ***
The Viking Press, Inc., NY, 1974
Actually about fashion 1525 to 1860, with a coda for post-1860. Not the same six pictures, unusual theory tying art, architecture and fashion. Two and a half chapters in this era. T2

Stone, Lawrence

Road to Divorce: England 1530-1987 *****!
Oxford University Press, 1990; 459 pg, index
This whole trilogy is a MUST READ. You do not realize how much difference the suffragettes made, or what they fought against, until these books teach you what marriage law used to be. Peels off a lot of romantic gloss. At last, an explanation in detail of why couples elope to Gretna Green! Fascinating tabloid stories, not overly pedantic. T2

by the same author (the rest of the trilogy):

Broken Lives *****!

Uncertain Unions *****!

Family, Sex, and Marriage in England, 1500-1800 *****!
London, 1977; think of this as the compact version, with a slightly earlier edge, less emphasis on law change. T2

with Jeanne C. Fawtier Stone:

An Open Elite? England 1540-1880 *****!
About the landed classes, and social mobility in these periods. T2

Summers, Montague

The Vampire in Lore and Legend***
orig. The Vampire in Europe, Dover, 1961
European vampires, 1100-1900, so you can give a period view, very different from our tendency to Byronic figures. T1, if you're doing vampires at all.

Tarr, Laszlo

The History of the Carriage ****
Arco Publishing Co., Inc., NY, 1969
Favorite description of how carriages work, and a discussion that sheds new light on the term "high-perch phaeton" (tell the truth: most of you wouldn't know what one looked like if it ran over you). T1

Thornbury, Walter, 1828-1876

Old and New London : A Narrative of Its History, Its People, and Its Places ****
volume 1
volume 2 -- v. 1-2. The city, ancient and modern
volume 3
volume 4 -- v. 3-4. Westminster and the western suburbs
volume 5 -- v. 5. The western and northern suburbs
volume 6 -- v. 6. The southern suburbs.
London; Cassell; 1881
Within this format, Thornbury gives a wealth of odds and ends from the Middle Ages forward, if the area was then inhabited to speak of. He specifically notes that he writes after a great boom in building has transformed the town, especially to extending it. Be sure to compare him with a map in your period so you don't have things too built up.

Thrupp, G. A.

The History of Coaches
London: Kerby & Endean, New York: The "Hub" Publishing Company. 1877.

Tristram, W. Outram

Coaching Days and Coaching Ways ; With 214. Illustrations by Hugh Thomson and Herbert Railton
Macmillan and Co. New York ;1893; Richard Clay and Sons, Limited ; London And Bungay; First Edition printed 1888

Trease, Geoffrey

The Grand Tour ***
Holt, Rinehart, & Winston, NY, 1967
A must for someone taking the Grand Tour, or generally travelling about the Continent. T2

Tweedie, Mrs. Alec (née Harley)

Hyde Park, Its History and Romance
London; Eveleigh Nash, Fawside House; 1908

Vivian, E. Charles

A History of Aeronautics***
Project Gutenberg; original, 1920
Rather over-written, with too much ornament to the prose. Does begin the history in antiquity with legends of flight, and moves on to recorded attempts of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. For airship technical details, see Whale, below. T2

Watson, J. N. P.; foreword by HRH Prince Michael of Kent

Horse & Carriage; The Pageant of Hyde Park****
The Sportsman's Press, London, 1990
Covers notable events and some fashions in the Park from 1700-1990, with a fair selection of pictures. Especially good for showing pictures often not seen, of how cropped and docked riding horses of the period were, and the persistence of a medieval seat for most male riders, with long stirrups and down-pointed toes (yes, modern riders are allowed to faint at the idea). T1

Waugh, Norah

Corsets and Crinolines *****!
Theatre Arts Books, 1954
Underpinnings, 1600's to 1925, in period art. T3

The Cut of Men's Clothes 1600-1900 *****!
Theatre Arts Books, 1964
The most fashionable men's dress, in period illustrations, with tailor's patterns, period comments on colours and fabrics, etc. Superb. T3

The Cut of Women's Clothes, 1600 to 1930 *****!
Theatre Arts Books, 1968
The same for women. Both books show fastenings! T3

Whale, George

British Airships, Past/Present/Future ****
Project Gutenberg; original circa 1920
Covers lighter-than-air technology from the late 1700s in France. Gives highly readable explanations of technical details that in modern hands would make your eyes turn to Xs. The discussion of the pros and cons of airships for the future, etc., are unique. T1-2

Wilks, Brian

Jane Austen ****
Hamlyn Group; London1978; 144 pg, index
Uses modern photography and old art to show the world of Miss Austen, both places she lived, like Bath, and visited, like London. Engaging chapter with portraits about her parents and siblings, since she always lived in the circle of her family. A not untypical life, if you leave out her being a famous author, which did not much affect her. T1

Wilson, Violet A.

The Coaching Era
New York; E. P. Dutton & Company

Wise, Arthur

The Art and History of Personal Combat *****!
Arma Press, New York Graphic Society Ltd, Greenwich, CN, 1971
Necessary for proper duelling techniques and behaviors, also good on the fencing instructors and salons. T2


Music

Classical composers of the period to listen to: Haydn, Beethoven; Chopin, Mendelssohn, Weber


Video

Do we all know to get the Jane Austen films done since the mid-Eighties? Good. Earlier versions are often visual barbarities, full of anachronisms.


Websites

Jessamyn's Regency Costume Companion*****!

http://www.songsmyth.com/costumerscompanion.html

Site by a costumer who wears the stuff, adores authenticity, and will even sell you great books and vids out of her store. Especially check out the page of music on CD. "Inspiring images" is just the top layer of costume, which she breaks out into an number of illustrated essays, in which we have sometimes found gaps (no one can read everything) but never an error. Look, your people have to wear clothes, and the right clothes: this is a very important facet, neatly covered. If you were thinking of sewing your own so you could see how it handled (the "baggy back" trousers were completely normal to men of the period, though weird-feeling to men used to fitted ones, but allowed much greater freedom of action, and you can't back up in a trained gown in any period without coming to grief), her reviews of available patterns are invaluable for warning you off the innaccurate, the badly fitted, the overpriced, and those only for advanced seamstresses not requiring much instruction.

Heraldica ****

http://www.heraldica.org/

Over 200 articles on the succession, courts, development of titles, lines of descent, legalities of claims to titles, etc. on the upper classes of Europe. Some cover this period, and many are much older to give you family background. These are topics often covered nowhere at all. As well, portrait galleries of various families can be found.

The History of Costume ***

http://www.siue.edu/COSTUMES/history.html

125 pages of images from the book "History of Costume" printed in 1861 in Munich. The 500 figures cover "historical dress from antiquity to the end of the 19th century." Victorianized drawings, but it's T1

Rakehell: Features****

http://www.rakehell.com/archive-features.php

The Rakehell site is dedicated to Regency Romances, but more and more must turn to Regency historicals. Among the industry features, there are also a number on various aspects of the period, from banking to the romance press of the day.

The Phrenology Page ***

http://www.LHOON.com/phreno/index.html

"Phrenology is the science which studies the relationships between a person's character and the morphology of the skull." Includes a historical overview, definitions of words and concepts, and images with meanings of various characteristics.

Maps of Switzerland****

http://www.zumbo.ch/maps/navigate/index.php

German language site provides them from 1549-1939

"Understanding the Society in Which Jane Austen Sets Pride and Prejudice"****

http://www.jasa.net.au/study/indivsoc.htm

An article by Pamela Whalan, 2002, for the Jane Austen Society of Australia: Study Guide, will give you excellent background on some of the cultural assumptions behind the story, thereby guiding you into how your characters should also be thinking.

 


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